This process took millions of years. The fossil fuels we are using now were formed millions of years ago. We cannot go back in time to produce more fossil fuels. What we can do, though, is minimize our dependence on these types of fuels by reducing our consumption and by discovering alternate forms of energy sources.
Fossil fuels cannot be used forever because their reservoirs will gradually deplete over time. In addition to other methods, scientists are working hard to find ways to use hydrogen as an alternate source of fuel.
Hydrogen is abundantly available in the earth’s atmosphere and forms 75 percent of its mass. It is a colorless and odorless gas and is found in combination with other elements such as oxygen, carbon and nitrogen. In order to use it, it must be separate from these other elements.
Hydrogen produces high amounts of energy and emits almost zero pollution. NASA has used hydrogen-based fuels for years in its rockets for trips into space. A hydrogen fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat and water. Fuel cells are comparable to batteries in a way. Both convert the energy produced by a chemical reaction into usable electric power. However, hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity as long as hydrogen is supplied, never losing its charge. Hydrogen cells produce water as a by-product—so clean it is suitable for human consumption.
A helpful video that explains how energy is generated from Hydrogen Fuel Cells
It is possible in the future hydrogen could be used as fuel for vehicles and aircrafts as well as to provide power for our homes and offices. As a source of heat and electricity for buildings and as a power source for electric motor propelled vehicles, hydrogen fuel cell technology offers a lot of promise. Hydrogen can also be transported like electricity to locations as needed. Pure hydrogen is required for hydrogen fuel cells. Other fuels such as natural gas, methanol or even gasoline can also be reformed to produce the hydrogen required for fuel cells.
Renewable energy sources, like the sun and wind, can’t produce energy at all times. But they could, for example, produce electric energy and hydrogen, which can be stored until it’s needed.
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